Polish Agreement

WARSAW (Reuters) – Polish President Andrzej Duda on Monday ratified a defense agreement with the United States, cementing a larger U.S. military presence in the country, and said Warsaw`s relations with Washington should not be affected by the U.S. election. After the German occupation of Prague in March 1939, in violation of the Munich Accords, the Chamberlain government in Britain sought Soviet and French support for a peace front. The aim was to repel further German aggression by guaranteeing the independence of Poland and Romania. Stalin, however, refused to provide Soviet support for the guarantees, unless Britain and France first entered into a military alliance with the Soviet Union. Although the British cabinet decided to seek such an alliance, Western negotiators in Moscow were lacking in urgency in August 1939. The talks were conducted poorly and slowly by diplomats with little authority, such as William Strang, an assistant undersecretary. Stalin also insisted on British and French guarantees for Finland, the Baltic States, Poland and Romania against German indirect aggression. But these countries feared that Moscow would want to control them. Although Hitler intensified the threats against Poland, refusing to allow Soviet troops to cross its borders, lest they never leave. Historian Michael Jabara Carley argues that the British were too attached to anti-communism to trust Stalin. Under the agreement, 1,000 U.S.

troops would be deployed to Poland, in addition to several thousand already deployed as part of a NATO operation. He is expected to review Trump`s decision to withdraw thousands of troops from Germany, although U.S. officials have insisted that the deal with Poland be separated from that stage. „This is a normal ratification process. The President was only able to ratify the agreement after Parliament`s agreement and as soon as the new legislation came into force,“ said Pawel Soloch. On 17 September, the Soviet Union entered Poland via Poland`s eastern border, in accordance with the secret protocol of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, which established the division of Poland. According to the Joint Polish-British Defence Pact, the UK should „provide all its support and support“ to Poland if Poland is „involved in hostilities with a European power as a result of the latter`s aggression“. Poland`s ambassador to London, Edward Bernard Raczyski, addressed the British Foreign Office to point out that clause 1 (b) of the agreement, which concerned „aggression by a European power“ against Poland, should apply to the Soviet invasion. Foreign Minister Lord Halifax replied that the British government`s commitment to Poland as a result of the Anglo-Polish agreement was limited to Germany, under the first clause of the secret protocol. [3] „In fulfilling our missions in polish politics and Polish-American relations, we are acting calmly, including by ratifying this agreement and waiting for the newly elected President of the United States to be sworn in,“ Duda said. On 6 April, during a visit by the Polish Foreign Minister to London, it was agreed to formalize the commitment as an Anglo-Polish military alliance pending negotiations.

[8] [9] The text of the „Anglo-Polish communiqué“ states that the two governments are „in full agreement on certain general principles“ and that it has been agreed „that the two countries are ready to conclude an agreement of a permanent and reciprocal nature… The British Blue Book for 1939 states that the formal agreement was not signed until 25 August. [10] Since it was sent to Beijing in the United Kingdom in mid-1939, the Polish navy has remained in British waters. In November 1939, after the invasion of Poland, the Polish-British naval agreement allowed Polish sailors to wear their Polish uniforms and have Polish commanders on board, while the ships were from British construction. [18] The agreement was then revised to all Polish units on 5 August 1940.