What Is The Meaning Of Collective Agreement
A collective agreement negotiated by a union grants you benefits that far exceed the Employment Contracts Act Obligation to bargain in good faith During the bargaining process, the parties are not legally required to reach an agreement. However, you must negotiate in good faith (29 U.S.C.A. § 158[d]). Although good faith is a somewhat subjective concept, the courts will consider the full circumstances of the trial, including conduct outside the negotiating table such as pressure and threats (NLRB v. Billion Motors, 700 F.2d 454 [8th Cir. 1983]). Most authorities agree that an absolute refusal to negotiate constitutes bad faith (Wooster). A collective agreement is the ultimate goal of the collective bargaining process. These topics are, for example, travel expenses, vacation pay, additional days of leave (called „pekkasvapaat“) or sickness or maternity benefits.
Unilateral amendments During the period during which a collective agreement is in force, the employer may not change a condition of employment that is subject to mandatory negotiations without first negotiating with the union (29 U.S.C.A. § 158[d]). Even after the collective agreement expires, the employer must maintain the status quo and must not unilaterally alter the issues of mandatory bargaining until the parties reach an impasse (Louisiana Dock Co.c. NLRB, 909 F.2d 281 [7th Cir. 1990]). This prohibition on unilateral changes continues even though the employer denies that the union is the sole representative (Livingston Pipe & Tube v. .