What Were The Agreements At The Council Of Trent

Then began the council`s longest debate, devoted to the central Lutheran doctrine of justification. The first draft decree on this controversial subject was presented to the fathers on 28 July and was quickly rejected. For the next seven months, clashes raged in forty-four individual municipalities and sixty-one, until an acceptable text was finally hammered and promulgated at the sixth session on 13 January 1547. The sixteen chapters of the decree and the thirty-three canons that rejected Luther`s view of justification by faith alone were rejected almost unanimously. But there was no such unanimity when the next major theme of reform was introduced. The Fathers and their theologians argued in the following months over the requirement that bishops reside in their dioceses. When the proposed decree was first introduced, only 28 fathers, out of a high total until early 1547, voted. The differences of opinion on this issue were so profound that they had to be set aside for further reflection. The seventh meeting, on 3 March 1547, therefore merely asserted the right of a bishop to supervise the parishes of his diocese, administered by members of the Order. The dogmatic decrees of the same session defined the nature of the sacraments, set their number at seven and affirmed their effective spiritual strength (ex opere operato). The doctrine of baptism and confirmation has also been widely addressed. The Council`s initial actions and debates, as prepared by its Secretary-General, Bishop Angelo Massarelli, in six large folk volumes, are deposited in the Vatican library and have remained unpublished for more than 300 years and have been highlighted, even partially, by Augustin Theiner, priest of the Oratory (d. 1874), in Acta genuina sancti and oecumenici Concilii Tridentinic now primum integre edita (2 flights.

Leipzig, 1874). [11] License for sermons. The proclamation of the Word of God in sermons presupposed a better formation of priests. The Council considered that it could be satisfied with the renewal and extension of the decree promulgated in the Fourth Congress of the Laterian on the establishment of grammar and theology readings in the cathedral churches. The homily on Sundays and public holidays has been made compulsory for all bishops and pastors; Controversy between bishops and exempt ordinances over the granting of the preaching licence was resolved by a judgment that, in churches exempt ordinances, only the permission of the Superiors of the Order was required, while in all other churches the license of the local ordinary was required. The envoys proposed to the General Community as the object for the next session, the teaching of the Church on the sacraments and for the disciplinary question, a series of regulations that respected both the appointment, the official activity of the bishops and the ecclesiastical benefits. When the questions were discussed at the seventh session (3 March 1547), a dogmatic decree with appropriate canons on the sacraments in general (thirteen cannons), baptism (fourteen guns) and confirmation (three guns) was proclaimed. A reform decree (in fifteen chapters) was also adopted with regard to bishops and ecclesiastical benefits, in particular with regard to pluralities, visits and exceptions, the formation of infirmities and the legal affairs of the clergy. Prior to that meeting, the issue of the Crown or its transfer to another city had been debated.