United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement Pdf
The success of the management of the tuna fishery is a complex task. These fish populations extend beyond man-made borders and beyond international waters and make regional decision-making crucial for effective management. The UN Fisheries Resources Agreement (UNFSA) has been in force since 2001 and requires countries to cooperate in the management of common fish stocks, such as tuna. They usually do so through the work of regional fishing organizations (ORPs). The agreement does not set specific dates for stock replenishment, but according to the objective standard of the MMR and the objective of exploiting the best available scientific knowledge, the political influence on setting catch limits and reconstruction of targets should be reduced. Sharks are among the most endangered species of tuna fishing. That is why the review conference, which resumed in 2010, recommended that states „strengthen, individually and through THE PROs, shark conservation and management.“ 47 Measures that could contribute to achieving this objective include specific requirements for collecting data on shark species and developing conservation and management measures for sharks, whether caught in targeted fisheries or as bycathug. Therefore, shark protection is not only an important task for PMOs, but also serves as an alternate in deciding whether commitments to implement the ecosystem approach are being met. Target reference points „are aimed at achieving management objectives“15 and should not be exceeded „on average.“ 16 When the size of the stock drains or when the mortality of the fishery exceeds a defined reference point, managers put in place a „pre-agreed conservation and management measure“ called the „harvest control rule.“ The details depend on exceeding a target or limit. The provisions of the agreement are not limited to good practice: these are legal obligations.
Governments that have approved it must comply with their obligations as members of regional fisheries management organizations (PROs), international bodies empowered to manage fisheries resources. UNFSA`s principles and commitments have contributed significantly to the development of the legal framework and specific management measures for PMOs and other international legal instruments (2), such as the UN agreement on port state measures adopted in 2009 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (PSMA). Article 18, point (d), requires flag states to impose „the identification of vessels and fishing gear for identification according to uniform and internationally recognized fishing and fishing systems.“ The Secretary-General stated in his latest report that „the Review Conference, along with non-agreeing parties, intergovernmental organizations, the fishing industry, civil society and other stakeholders, provides an important opportunity for the parties to the agreement to contribute to the continued improvement of the state of the oceans and their resources.“ 89 Pew urges participants at the resumption of this year`s review conference to take this opportunity to reassess efforts in support of the agreement and take steps to ensure that its provisions are fully integrated into THE ORP`s decision-making.